Revolutionizing Stroke Care: An Approach for Early Detection using Artificial Intelligence
Proposal prepared for Supermicro Corporation Inc
Why Supermicro Corporation Inc.?
The visions of both the Institute of Health Innovation and Supermicro Corporation Inc. converge on the principles of innovation and environmental stewardship, positioning them for impactful collaboration towards a healthier world.
- Innovation and Sustainability: Both organizations prioritize innovation while emphasizing sustainability. The Institute of Health Innovation focuses on leveraging machine learning for healthcare advancement and environmentally-friendly solutions, aligning with Supermicro’s commitment to designing eco-friendly IT solutions.
- Integrated Healthcare Solutions: Collaboration can focus on integrating healthcare innovations with Supermicro’s environmentally-friendly IT infrastructure to develop holistic solutions that prioritize both health outcomes and environmental sustainability.
- Scalable Solutions for a Healthy World: By combining expertise, our organizations can develop scalable solutions that address global health challenges while minimizing environmental impact, ultimately contributing to a healthier and more sustainable world.
Collaboration between the two entities holds the potential to integrate healthcare innovations with eco-conscious IT infrastructure, fostering a healthier world where advancements in healthcare are sustainable and accessible to all.
Based on these reasons, we strongly believe that the vision and strategy of Institute of Health Innovation & Education and Supermicro Corporation Inc. align perfectly.
Project Budget and Funding Request
|Implementation and maintenance cost
|Miscellaneous & Administration
|Donation by NEUROCAREAI INC.
– DICOM Server Software backend
– Cloud DICOM software backend
– NeuroICH Module
– Frontend Radiology viewer (Web/Desktop)
– Frontend Radiology viewer (Mobile)
– Frontend Critical Notification System
|Total Cost of the project
To utilize artificial intelligence and digital care coordination for enhancing acute stroke care by reducing latency, saving lives and limbs
Gap Analysis and Proposed Solution
Stroke, the second leading cause of death globally, is responsible for approximately 11% of total deaths and is a major contributor to long-term disability (WHO, 2023). In the United States, a stroke occurs every 40 seconds, affecting over 795,000 individuals annually, with around 610,000 of these being new or first-time strokes. More than half of stroke survivors aged 65 and above face a significant decline in their mobility, underscoring the profound impact this condition has on their daily functioning (Tsao CW et al., 2023). Receiving prompt stroke care is critical because with each moment that passes without treatment, brain cells are lost. Studies have repeatedly shown that seeking early treatment greatly improves the chances of recovery and hence gain in disability free life (Benjamin EJ et al., 2018) (Figure 1).
Figure 1: Impact of saving time in the provision of treatment to stroke patients (Meretoja A et al., 2017)
According to the findings of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017, stroke ranked as the second highest contributor to DALY in middle-income nations and the third highest in low-income nations. This study revealed that approximately 57 million individuals worldwide were stroke survivors in 2017, with roughly 80% of these individuals residing in low- and middle-income countries (Roth GA et al., 2018). Moreover, a meta-analysis conducted in 2018 established that the incidence of strokes in low-income countries is roughly twice as high as in high-income countries, while the mortality rates associated with strokes are also elevated in low- and middle-income countries (Feigin VL et al., 2018).
The cost of stroke care is on the rise, with annual expenditures showing a significant increase. At present, stroke is responsible for approximately $36.5 billion in healthcare expenditures in the United States each year. However, projections indicate that the total medical costs related to stroke are expected to more than double, reaching a staggering $94.3 billion. A considerable portion of these costs can be attributed to patients who require specialized care, such as those in nursing homes, skilled nursing facilities, and other long-term healthcare facilities (Tsao CW et al., 2023). Consequently, providing early access to treatment for stroke patients can lead to substantial cost savings. By ensuring prompt and efficient care, we have the potential to mitigate the financial burden associated with stroke and improve patient outcomes.
We propose to implement the digital technology “NeuroICH AI Model” in clinical settings to bring about a revolutionary change in hyperacute care, particularly in stroke treatment. Our partner company, NeuroCareAI has developed this model and is willing to make it available at no additional cost for free to LMICs. By using our NeuroICH AI Model we can significantly reduce the time it takes to administer care, leading to better patient outcomes and the potential to save more lives. Our cutting-edge solution has the potential to disrupt the conventional approach to hyperacute care.
What is NeuroICH?
NeuroICH is an advanced AI model that can provide brain scan images at par with the gold standard CT scan machines used by the radiologists in hospitals. It is designed to accurately identify bleeding in brain, making it particularly useful in diagnosing this critical conditions. With this cutting-edge technology, healthcare providers can obtain precise brain scans to facilitate prompt diagnoses and targeted treatments, improving patient outcomes and saving lives.
We have trained our AI model on open datasets and were able to achieve overall accuracy of 98% for detection of ICH with no accuracy less than 97% for individual ICH types. The sensitivity and specificity of the NeuroICH model is 97.5% and 97.4% respectively.
The aim of the project is to implement NeuroICH AI Model in the hospital setting in order to create a comprehensive digital care coordination platform that facilitates contextual communication between relevant stakeholders involved in stroke care. This platform will enhance collaboration and information exchange among healthcare providers, radiologists, neurologists, emergency response teams, and other involved parties, ultimately improving the coordination and quality of care for stroke patients.
The project implementation plan will commence by establishing collaborations with hospitals and clinicians in LMICs. These collaborations are crucial for ensuring the successful execution of the project. Once the partnerships are in place, the next step will involve deploying a prototype of the NeuroICH model in a real-world clinical setting. This prototype will be thoroughly tested, validated, and verified to assess its functionality, usability, and effectiveness.
During the testing, validation, and verification phase, comprehensive assessments and analyses will be conducted to ensure the proper working of the NeuroICH model. Any identified issues or discrepancies will be addressed, and necessary adjustments will be made to enhance the utility of model in the hospital.
Following the successful completion of testing, validation, and verification, the final delivery of the NeuroICH model will take place. This will involve the installation of edge devices at the participating hospitals. These devices have the capacity to securely store large amounts of patient data generated by the NeuroICH model. The installation process will be carried out in collaboration with the hospitals’ IT teams to ensure seamless integration with their existing infrastructure.
Figure 2: Prototype image of the NeuroICH model showing the generation of notification alert and the brain scan
Our project is designed to ensure long-term sustainability by leveraging digital-based technology and user-friendly applications. The implementation of new technology in a digital format guarantees its viability for an extended duration. The edge devices that will be installed in hospitals are equipped with ample storage capacity to handle large volumes of data, ensuring the system’s long-term functionality. The installed technology is projected to have a lifespan of approximately 10 years, providing a stable and reliable platform for our project.
In addition, our NeuroICH application has been specifically developed to be smartphone-friendly and user-friendly for clinicians. This user-friendly interface allows for easy navigation and understanding, making it a self-training application for clinicians. By providing intuitive features and a seamless user experience, we eliminate the need for extensive training programs and reduce dependency on external resources for ongoing support.
By incorporating these elements into our sustainability plan, we aim to create a self-sustaining ecosystem for our project. The digital-based nature of the technology ensures its longevity, while the user-friendly NeuroICH application empowers clinicians to independently use and adapt to the system. This approach not only reduces the burden of additional training and support but also enables scalability and ease of adoption in various healthcare settings.
Social Impact of the Project
- Early Detection and Diagnosis: One of the primary impacts of the NeuroICH is its ability to detect intracranial hemorrhages at an early stage. By accurately identifying even small hemorrhages, the model enables healthcare professionals to initiate timely interventions, such as surgical procedures or medical treatments, to mitigate the potential damage caused by the bleeding. Early detection and diagnosis can lead to better patient outcomes, reduced complications, and improved survival rates.
- Improved Patient Care and Outcomes: The NeuroICH empowers healthcare professionals with a powerful tool to aid in the diagnosis and management of brain hemorrhages. By providing timely and accurate insights, the model enables healthcare teams to make informed decisions regarding treatment strategies, appropriate interventions, and patient care plans. This, in turn, can lead to more personalized and effective treatment, optimized resource utilization, and ultimately improved patient outcomes.
- Decrease Cost: Providing early treatment access to stroke patients has the potential to yield substantial annual cost savings, estimated to be up to $800 million in the United States. A significant portion of these savings can be attributed to the expenses associated with specialized care and long-term healthcare facilities provided to stroke patients. By enabling timely intervention and treatment, the need for prolonged hospital stays, extensive rehabilitation programs, and ongoing care in nursing homes or other long-term healthcare settings can be reduced. This not only alleviates the financial burden on the healthcare system but also improves the overall quality of life for stroke survivors by facilitating their recovery and reintegration into their communities. Such cost savings underscore the importance of early detection and intervention in stroke care, emphasizing the need for accessible and efficient healthcare services to optimize patient outcomes while minimizing healthcare expenditure.
Figure 3: Impact statistics of early treatment to stroke patients
Environmental Impact of the Project
- Environmental Sustainability: By eliminating the need for radiology films in health care, the project significantly reduces environmental pollution associated with film production and disposal. This eco-conscious approach aligns with global efforts to reduce healthcare’s environmental footprint, contributing to a healthier planet.
- Reduced Carbon Footprint: By eliminating radiology films, the project reduces the carbon footprint associated with film production, transportation, and disposal. This reduction in healthcare-related environmental impact aligns with global efforts to combat climate change.
- Improved Health: Embracing eco-friendly solutions in healthcare holds immense promise for improving public health on a global scale. By reducing our reliance on fossil fuels and transitioning to cleaner, renewable energy sources, we can significantly reduce air pollution, resulting in fewer cases of respiratory diseases, cardiovascular problems, and even premature deaths.
- Decrease in Plastic Waste: The project anticipates a noteworthy environmental achievement, aiming to reduce plastic waste by approximately 300 million tons (UN Foundation Report 2023). This ambitious goal signifies a significant stride in curbing the detrimental impact of plastic pollution on our ecosystems.
- Reduction in Waste Management Costs: A key economic advantage of the project lies in its potential to bring about a substantial reduction in waste management costs, estimated at approximately $1.3 trillion (World Wildlife Fund, 2023). This financial efficiency not only promotes sustainable practices but also addresses the economic burden associated with waste management on a global scale.
Figure 4: Impact of NeuroICH on environment preservation
Benjamin EJ, Virani SS, Callaway CW, et al. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2018 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2018;137(12):e67-e492.
Feigin VL, Nguyen G, Cercy K, et al. Global, regional, and country-specific lifetime risks of stroke, 1990 and 2016. N Engl J Med. 2018;379(25):2429-37.
Meretoja, A., Keshtkaran, M., Tatlisumak, T., Donnan, G. A., & Churilov, L. (2017). Endovascular therapy for ischemic stroke: save a minute—save a week. Neurology, 88(22), 2123-2127.
New York Times report. https://www.nytimes.com/2023/03/01/magazine/evt-stroke-treatment.html (Accessed on October 8, 2023).
Roth, G. A., Abate, D., Abate, K. H., Abay, S. M., Abbafati, C., Abbasi, N., … & Borschmann, R. (2018). Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for 282 causes of death in 195 countries and territories, 1980–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. The Lancet, 392(10159), 1736-1788.
Tai, W. A., Conley, J., & Kalanithi, L. (2014). Cost-saving innovations for acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack. Neurology: Clinical Practice, 4(5), 427-434.
Tsao CW, Aday AW, Almarzooq ZI, Beaton AZ, Bittencourt MS, Boehme AK, et al. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2023 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2023;147:e93–e621.
United Nations Foundation Report. https://unfoundation.org/blog/post/protect-our-planet-from-plastic-pollution-5-things-to-know/ (Accessed on October 8, 2023).
University of Melbourne report. https://research.unimelb.edu.au/strengths/updates/impact/reaching-stroke-patients-in-time-to-give-life-saving-treatment (Accessed on October 8, 2023).
World Health Organization (WHO), 2023. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death Accessed on May 29, 2023.
World Wildlife Funds Report. https://wwf.panda.org/wwf_news/?3507866/These-costs-for-plastic-produced-in-2040-will-rise-to-US71-trillion-unless-urgent-action-is-taken#:~:text=1.,plastic waste generated every year. (Accessed on October 8, 2023).
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Appendix – IRS Letter
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